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How is 5G Coverage Evolving? Who is Ahead?

How is 5G coverage evolving

It took almost a decade to see 5G become a reality. The deployment of fixed 5G began in 2018 in certain European cities. Mobile 5G is becoming more and more effective, and operators are planning more complete deployments of this network in 2020. You wonder what 5G is and if you will see it the fastest in your city. Or maybe you’re more interested in 5G-enabled smartphones and want to know which carrier will provide the best 5G network.

In this article, we show you how 5G coverage is changing in World and also which operators are the most advanced in terms of national network coverage.

How does 5G work?

Before knowing how 5G works, let’s define it.

What is 5G exactly?

5G is the fifth generation of cellular mobile communications. It will replace, or at least eventually improve, 4G LTE technology to provide faster, more reliable service with lower latency. 5G will allow you extremely high download and upload speeds. Latency, or the time it takes for devices to communicate across wireless networks, will also be greatly reduced.

5G frequencies

Unlike the 4G network, the 5G network technology is based on three different frequency bands.

low frequencies, or those below 1 GHz. This is the main frequency band used by carriers for 4G LTE, and it is running out fast. Even though this frequency band covers a large area and has a high penetration rate, its main weakness is that its peak data rate is limited to around 100 Mb/s.

Medium frequencies offer faster speed and lower talk time or latency than low frequencies. However, neither they nor the low frequencies penetrate buildings. Here, peak speeds can go up to 1 Gb/s.

The high-frequency band is what most people imagine when thinking of 5G. It is often called MMWave. This frequency range can deliver peak speeds of up to 10 Gbps with lower latency. Its major drawbacks are the low geographical coverage and low penetration of buildings.

How is 5G coverage evolving Who is ahead

The Use of 5G

increased mobile speed

The move to the fifth generation of communication will change how we interact with technology on a daily basis. It is a necessity to continue to have mobile broadband. This is all the more true as carriers are already running out of LTE capacity in several major metropolitan cities. Users already notice slowdowns at certain times of the day. With this new generation of communication, the wide range of frequencies currently not used for commercial traffic will be made available to users.

Remote control

As latency is greatly reduced with 5G, it will now be possible to control heavy machinery remotely. So, technicians with special training will be able to keep an eye on and control these machines from an office on the other side of the world.

Infrastructure and public safety

Municipalities and cities will operate efficiently with 5G. Utilities will easily control cities remotely. For example, the sensors will instantly notify when a drain is flooded, when a lamppost is faulty, or when a camera is out of order. Municipalities will then be able to quickly resolve these problems.

Autonomous vehicles

The cars of the future will communicate with each other on the road and with drivers. They will exchange information on road conditions and performance. If, for example, a car brakes suddenly, the speed of communication allows the following vehicle to anticipate a collision by braking preventively. This could prevent thousands of accidents and save lives.

Connected objects

One of the most crucial and exciting prospects of 5G is its impact on connected objects, or the Internet of Things. Although there are already connected objects, they require a lot of resources and LTE data. With 5G’s high speeds and low latency, communications will be smoother and smart devices will be more efficient.

The medical field

5G has a component called “Low Latency Communications,” or URLLC. very reliable. It could radically change health care and reduces latency much more than enhanced mobile broadband. It will be used in telemedicine, telepsychiatry, and physiotherapy through resuscitation, precision surgery, and, over the next few years, remote surgery.

5G: What will the actual speed be?

According to the latest specifications, 5G will have a maximum throughput of 20 Gb/s on the downlink side and up to 10 Gb/s on the uplink side. This potentially means you’ll be able to download a Full HD movie in seconds, but that would be true if we lived in a perfect world. The aforementioned speeds are theoretical, which allows us to realistically see 100 Mb/s per user. That’s even faster than any LTE standard we’ve seen so far.

What does 5G connectivity mean to you?

If you use a smartphone or tablet, there are several advantages to a 5G connection. Here are some benefits:

  • Faster download and upload speeds
  • Smoother streaming of online content
  • Better quality voice and video calls
  • More reliable mobile connections.

When should you expect to see 5G in your neighborhood?

Not all operators are at the same level of advancement, and some are much further ahead than others. It is not said that those who have done well at the launch of 4G will also be the big winners of 5G.

Well, it depends on the neighbourhood where you live. Some cities already have 5G access, meaning all you need to take advantage of the blazingly fast speeds is a 5G-enabled smartphone. All the major French operators are working hard to set up the 5G network, but the rollout across the country will still take several years.

It should also be noted that each carrier has a different 5G rollout strategy. This means that your 5G experience can vary significantly depending on your carrier.

When should you expect to see 5G in your neighborhood?

The deployment of the 5G network has indeed begun in France. Operators install relay antennas, and you can even test certain uses of this network in the future if you find yourself in the pilot cities of Marseille, Toulouse, Nantes, and Ile-de-France. According to a recent ANFR report, Orange is currently the most advanced . It has already set up 130 5G relay antennas, compared to 53 by Bouygues Télécom and 25 by SFR.

Orange



It should also be noted that each carrier has a different 5G rollout strategy. This means that your 5G experience can vary significantly depending on your carrier. 
The current situation of operators 

The deployment of the 5G network has indeed begun in France. Operators install relay antennas, and you can even test certain uses of this network in the future if you find yourself in the pilot cities of Marseille, Toulouse, Nantes, and Ile-de-France. According to a recent ANFR report, Orange is currently the most advanced. It has already installed a total of 130 5G relay antennas, while Bouygues Télécom has 53 and SFR 25. 
The Orange Network 

Orange is still at the experimental stage of 5G coverage. This experiment focuses on:

  • Mobile connectivity in Linas
  • The industry of the future in Pau
  • And in the cities of Marseille, Paris, Saint-Denis, Châtillon, Boulogne-Billancourt, Montpellier, Nantes, Issy-les-Moulineaux, Boulogne-Billancourt, and Lille, there is a focus on technology.

The SFR/Alice network

Like Orange, SFR is conducting experiments on 5G network coverage in the following areas:

  • Mobile connectivity in Velizy
  • The Internet of Things in Nantes
  • The industry of the future at Airbus in Toulouse
  • UHD video at Altice media in Paris
  • Technical experiments in Frankcazal and La Défense at Nokia

The Bouygues Telecom network

He too is experimenting with 5G coverage in the following applications:

  • Mobile connectivity in Linas
  • The Internet of Things in Paris at Ericsson
  • The smart cities are in Lyon, Bordeaux, Vélizy, Saint-Maurice-de-Rémens at Transpolis and in Paris at Ericsson and its partners in the SmartX incubator.
  • Virtual reality in Lyon, Bordeaux, Vélizy, and Paris.
  • Telemedicine and the industry of the future in Paris, Lyon, Vélizy, and Bordeaux

The Free Network

So far, Free has not yet started installing test antennas for the 5G network in France. But it just got permission from Arcep to put up test antennas in Paris, and it plans to start testing on September 1, 2019.
Should you buy a 5G smartphone?

It is certain that 5G will change the way we interact with each other and consume media, but the change will not happen overnight. It will be a few years before 5G is up and running smoothly across France. Although it is ultimately a personal decision, it may be wise to delay buying a 5G device in 2019, especially considering the fact that many manufacturers are expected to release 5G smartphones in 2020. In addition to the fact that coverage will likely be very patchy, the hardware will also be first-gen.

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